Consejos para mejorar la salud en BTT


Especialmente si castigamos nuestras piernas en exceso, si vamos en una posición forzada que perjudique nuestra espalda o si tenemos dolores en el cuello debido a una conducción inadecuada. Por todos es sabido que la práctica del ciclismo es una de las mejores maneras para mantenerse en forma, pero ojo, eso no implica que todo lo relacionado con la bicicleta sea bueno para nuestra salud.

Sí, está claro que todo tiene que coincidir para que podamos ir cómodos en nuestra bici y evitar lesiones. Recordemos el post que realizamos en su momento para la elección del sillín, más cómodo, o los pedales automáticos que evitan posiciones extrañas de las piernas y los pies al pedalear.

Para las molestias en los pies, por  ejemplo, hemos de aflojar los cordones o los velcros de las zapatillas en cuanto estos se comienzen a hinchar ya que suele ser frecuente a partir de cierta distancia.

Es un error llevarlos muy ajustados. En el caso de la espalda, si vemos que con los kilómetros tenemos molestias, debemos sustituir la potencia por una más larga, o alta, de manera que quede unos 2,5 cm por debajo de la parte superior del sillín. Y por supuesto, si estamos delicados, no llevar peso ni mochila, sino adaptarlo a un portaequipajes.

El dolor de triceps suele darse cuando la potencia del manillar es demasiado larga, y al contrario, los hombros pueden resentirse si la potencia es demasiado corta. Para el cuello, hay que doblarlo de vez en cuando a un lado y a otro para relajarlo y evitar mantener siembre la cabeza recta y erguida.

El calentamiento previo del cuello, o con cierta frecuencia durante el recorrido es fundamental, siempre con movimientos suaves girando la cabeza a ambos lados.

Un accesorio del todo imprescindible, son las gafas de sol. A ellas dedicamos por su importancia un post, pero insistimos que no solo sirven para evitar el impacto de los insectos y protegernos de los rayos UVA, sino además porque sin ellas llevamos los ojos entrecerrados por el viento, el polvo o el sol, lo cual produce un esfuerzo añadido de los músculos de los ojos y de la cara, que favorecen el agotamiento general.

Por último recordad que si bebemos alcohol tras el esfuerzo, los beneficios del ejercicio físico se anulan de forma automática, ya que no se consigue bajar la presión sanguinea tan beneficiosa para el cuerpo humano. Al finalizar nuestra excursión, un buen masaje es lo adecuado. Mejor si nos lo dan, pero si no es posible, nosotros mismos nos lo podemos dar comenzando por los gemelos y luego subiendo a la rodilla siempre en dirección al corazón para favorecer la circulación sanguínea.

En cualquier excursión, especialmente si ha sido exigente, los últimos veinte minutos deberían ser relajados y tranquilos, comentando con nuestros compañeros las incidencias de la salida y disfrutando del final. Los músculos volverán a su situación normal y llegaremos al final del trayecto mucho mejor. Si podemos acabar la excursión en descenso o en llano, fenomenal.

La bici, lo hemos comentado en numerosas ocasiones, es un deporte que no castiga las articulaciones ni cargamos peso sobre ellas. Practicamos nuestro deporte mientras vamos “sentados” y por ello es prácticamente imposible que suframos ninguna lesión, a excepción de una caída, siempre y cuando vayamos correctamente adaptados a la máquina, que no es ni mas ni menos que una prolongación mecánica y formidable de nuestro propio cuerpo.

Texto y fotografias: José Manuel Almerich

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Consejos para mejorar la salud en BTT, 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 ratings
Categorías: Comunitat Valenciana, Sugerencias y consejos
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Comentarios

  1. 01 15 diciembre, 2010 | vicente segovia |

    Hola : Eso que la bici no daña las articulaciones ya me dirás de donde lo sacas.Conozco muchos cicloturistas que la rótula de la rodilla les hace clac , clac y a mi tambien me pasa.
    Si haces un ciclismo de ciudad suave y sin cuestas pues todo irá bien , pero el mountainbike forzando en las subidas pienso que acaba dañando las rótulas cuando menos.
    Saludos
    Vicente

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    • 02 15 diciembre, 2010 | José Manuel |

      No Vicente, estás equivocado. La bicicleta practicada de una forma normal y sin forzar, no daña absolutamente nada. Otra cosa son las competiciones, descensos, pruebas de duatlones o cualquiera de las carreras extremas que últimamente se han puesto de moda. Si tienes una salud normal, una bici de calidad con la talla correcta, y un sillín a la altura adecuada, no tendrás ningún tipo de problema. Consúltalo a cualquier médico. La bicicleta que practicamos, incluída la de montaña, no es para nada perjudicial. Otra cosa es que tengas antecedentes o lesiones mal curadas, entonces por supuesto. Un Saludo. jM

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José Manuel Almerich

José Manuel AlmerichEscritor, geógrafo y ciclista de montaña, José Manuel Almerich es un apasionado de la bicicleta por caminos forestales y divulgador por naturaleza del patrimonio rural valenciano. Viajero incansable, ha publicado [...]

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